Rural energy refers to energy that meets agricultural production, rural industrial and commercial operations, and farmers’ lives. In recent years, with the increase in coal burning and the use of traditional firewood stoves (with energy efficiency of less than 20%) for heating and cooking, non-point source pollution in rural areas is serious in winter, which has become the focus and difficulty of environmental pollution control.
At present, rural energy in northern China is a forgotten "corner" and is in a state of disordered development of "self-sustaining". Both the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the National Energy Administration pay insufficient attention to rural energy, or use electricity, natural gas, and biogas. To deal with it, it cannot solve the clean energy problem in the vast northern rural areas of our country. Although my country’s rural areas have been electrified, electricity and natural gas are used as the main energy sources for heating and cooking in winter in northern rural areas. Most farmers do not have the economic conditions and supply problems.
Our country’s rural areas have achieved overall poverty alleviation, but there is a large gap in energy development between urban and rural areas, and the relative poverty of energy, especially the development of clean energy in rural areas is seriously lagging behind. There is still a big gap between farmers’ desire for a better life. These problems should be basically resolved during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. Otherwise, "firewood stacks" are connected to the stove pits, and "firewood stacks" surround the villages. Realizing beautiful villages is just empty talk. The goal of carbon neutrality.
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, building a modern rural energy system with the goal of green, low-carbon and clean is an important measure to deepen rural supply-side reforms, promote the integrated development of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, and improve the living environment. It is an important measure for my country to optimize energy The structure, the realization of "carbon reduction" and "carbon neutrality" are of very important strategic significance.
First, the construction of a modern rural energy system must take a green and low-carbon road. Give full play to the advantages of “zero carbon” and “negative carbon” of biomass, especially the reduction of methane emissions. While meeting the rural demand for clean energy, it will promote “carbon emission reduction” and “carbon neutrality” at a low cost. Otherwise, it will be difficult for our country Achieve "carbon reduction" and "carbon neutrality" targets on schedule.
Second, the construction of a modern rural energy system must be combined with rural ecological construction. Energy utilization is the main way to reduce and harmlessly treat agricultural and forestry wastes, domestic wastes, and livestock and poultry manures. The wastes are converted into renewable energy for residents' life and production and operation, and biomass energy is the main method. , A green and low-carbon energy system supplemented by solar, electricity and natural gas to promote ecological construction and environmental improvement.
Third, building a modern rural energy system must be closely integrated with addressing farmers' needs. Adhere to the principles of low-carbon, environmentally friendly, easy to use, economical and durable to provide farmers with clean energy products, make farmers “affordable, well-used, and long-term”, promote the construction of ecologically livable new homes and rural tourism, and attract young people to return Township entrepreneurship.
Fourth, it must be combined with the consolidation of the results of poverty alleviation. Solve the problem of unbalanced and insufficient development of rural clean energy, and eliminate the relative "poverty" of rural energy.
Fifth, we must insist on innovation-driven. Learn from international experience to develop biomass energy processing technology, boilers, and household stoves suitable for rural areas in my country. Although my country's large boiler combustion technology for coal-fired power generation ranks among the world's forefront, it still has a big gap with Europe in terms of small boilers and household stoves.
Sixth, we must adhere to urban-rural interaction and complement each other. Biomass energy has the ability to replace the existing scattered coal in total. Cities provide technical and capital support, as well as energy product markets in accordance with market rules; rural areas can provide energy products such as biomass fuels for urban heating and industrial and commercial energy use, to meet urban clean heating, industrial and commercial demand for clean energy, and to promote the revitalization of rural industries And employment of farmers. In recent years, the area of clean straw heating in Jilin Province has exceeded 20 million square meters. The use of straw molding fuel to dry grain has been successful, and the demonstration project has been affirmed by the National Grain Administration.
Seventh, it is necessary to innovate the policy system, highlight the green and low-carbon "policy system integration", and form a policy "joint force".
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